Spoken by almost 90 million speakers across the world, the Turkish language is characterized by vowel harmony, a type of long-distance assimilatory phonological process involving vowels that occurs in some languages, and extensive agglutination, a process in linguistic morphology derivation in which complex words are formed by stringing together morphemes without changing them in spelling or phonetics.
Unlike languages such as English or German, Turkish uses the subject-object-verb word order, which is typical for Chinese, Japanese, Malayalam, and Urdu, just to name a few languages. Apart from Turkey, the Turkish language is also officially spoken in Northern Cyprus and Cyprus.
The earliest records of the Turkish language date back to the 8th century. They are the three monumental Orkhon inscriptions, which were erected in honor of two Turkic princes, Kul Tigin and his brother Bilge Khagan. During the Ottoman Empire period, Turkish was influenced by Persian and Arabic to such a great extent that some scholars refer to the language used during this period as Ottoman Turkish.
It was only after the foundation of the modern state of Turkey and the formation of the Turkish Language Association, the official regulatory body of the Turkish language, when the language started to fully resemble its current form. The Turkish Language Association modernized the language by deriving many new words from old Turkish roots to describe modern terms associated with technological innovations and scientific progress.
Reasons to Learn the Turkish Language
Apart from people who are in love with linguistics and languages in general, Turkish isn’t particularly sought-after by language learners. They see it either as too difficult or too marginal to be worth their time and effort. That’s a great shame, because Turkey is a wonderful country with rich cultural heritage and many mesmerizing places to visit.
You can experience the bustle and hustle of Istanbul only to relax at the beach the next day. There are many places in Turkey that have managed to preserve the atmosphere of the bygone era, and the people you meet their will surprise you with their generosity and hospitality.
Because of how important role Turkey plays in the field of business and politics, learning the Turkish language is a useful asset for any business person or aspiring entrepreneur who would like to establish connections in the Middle East. Best of all, Turkish uses the Latin alphabet, unlike virtually all other Middle Eastern languages.